Web Proxy Servers or HTTP Proxy Servers
Usually, whenever we want to visit a website, we start our browser and type the web address of the website that we want to visit in the URL address bar and wait for a response. In the meantime, the browser sends that web address to the local Domain Name Server (DNS) to convert it into its respective IP address. This process of converting a website address or domain name into its respective IP address is known as a DNS lookup. Within a few seconds, your browser will get a response back from the DNS server and will connect you to the respective website.
However, the problem is that nowadays, most colleges, companies, and organizations block access to some of the most interesting websites on the Internet by blocking DNS lookups or specific domains. To understand how to unblock access to these blocked websites, it is first essential to know how your local network administrator is blocking access to your favorite websites.
How Are Websites Blocked by Your Local Administrator?
Typically, all networks will maintain a database or a list of blocked sites. Whenever you type a website address in your browser, that address is compared with the list of blocked websites. If what you type in your browser is found in the blocked list, your access is blocked, and you are shown the ACCESS DENIED error message. On the other hand, if what you type in your browser does not appear in the blocked list, then you will be given access to it.
Let us assume that there is this particular website that you really want to desperately access. But unfortunately, your local network administrator has blocked access to it. This is where something known as HTTP proxy server or web proxy server comes into the picture.
The Web Proxy Servers or HTTP Proxy Servers
A web proxy is a system that is normally accessed by a user with the help of a browser. A web proxy accepts an HTTP request for a specific web page from a user. It then processes the request, fetches the required webpage and then displays it immediately back to the user.
The firewall or filtering mechanism on the local network of the user thinks that the user is merely connecting to the web proxy (which may not have been blocked). But in reality, the user is using the web proxy to connect to some blocked website. In other words, web proxies are fantastic ways to bypass filters and gain access to blocked websites on the Internet.
Web proxy servers not only allow users to bypass blocking sensors. But they also protect the IP address or identity of the user giving them complete anonymity on the Internet. Proxy servers act as a mask between you and the Internet. Hence, protecting your identity and giving you anonymity.
One of the most popular web proxy servers on the Internet is a website called http://www.anonymizer.com which allows users anonymous access to blocked sites on the Internet. If you connect to their website, this is what you will see on the screen:
Anonymizer.com is a fantastic website and provides an easy simple-to-use and powerful solution to remaining anonymous while unblocking websites on the Internet. The only problem with the website is that it is not free. It would ask you for your credit card information. And only once you pay around $80, will you be allowed to use the service.
I am quite sure that everybody reading this (including me) would rather reveal their identity on the Internet. Rather than giving their credit card information to this website and paying $80. In fact, I am not even suggesting that you use this website or make any sort of payment to any website.
Instead, all you need to do is start your browser and simply connect to the Russian version of the same website: http://www.anonymizer.ru. As the name suggests, this is a Russian website. And there are many practical advantages of using Russian sites. Most of these websites are free (so no credit cards and payments are involved). And more importantly, most of the Russian websites are entirely anonymous. This means, they do not maintain any records of their user’s activities.
Once you have connected to www.anonymizer.ru, then on the right-hand side top corner of the screen in the space provided merely type the web address that you wish to visit anonymously and simply click on whatever looks like the submit button. You do not need to know Russian for this.
An Example Explained
Here, let us use the example of www.google.com. After a few seconds, you would find that you have been connected to the Google website via this Russian website. And Google would think that someone from Russia is connecting to it. But, in reality, it is you who are hiding behind http://www.anonymizer.ru and using it to connect with Google.
As a result, your IP address and identity are completely protected. Along with this, you can continue to enjoy your favorite websites on the Internet. Moreover, your local administrator feels that you are connecting to Anonymizer and would allow the access to you. And they have no idea that you are connecting to the other websites that you have been blocked to use.
You would notice that the language of Google is in Russian. You can translate that page where the web address would remain the same. And then you can surf the website without letting the Internet know about it.
It is obvious that if you use this website a lot and the local administrator gets to know about it, it can be blocked. But the great news here is that there are 1000s of websites likes these on the Internet. All you need to do is search for them on a search engine and begin using the ones you find.
Do you know about any website like the Anonymizer that you would like to share with us? Comment in the section below and let us know your thoughts to it. Also, check out the other posts for methods to surf the websites that have been blocked for you here!